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언어::LANGUAGE

การศึกษาภาษาเกาหลี - Liquors and Tobacco section Korean language Training

by JONYTHAI JONY JUNG 2015. 5. 22.

Liquors and Tobacco section  Korean language Training

การศึกษาภาษาเกาหลี


(회사 태국인 직원  한국어 교육 자료) 






Table and content

 

1. Grammar of Korea.

1) Subjects and Objects 

2) Verbs. 3

2. Numeric of Korean. 4

3. Communication 1. 5

1) Politeness words. 5

2) Increase sale words  5

4. Process and Procedure in method of sale  6

5. Words. 8

1) Promotion words. 8

2) Section words. 8

6. Communication 2. 10






1. Grammar of Korea 

                          1) Subjects and Objects

Korean can be easy to read because there are special markers that indicate what is the subject and object, and most of the time the verb is at the end of the sentence. The subject markers are '' and '' (also '께서', but we'll cover it in Honorific Speech). Which one do you use and when? When the subject ends in a vowel, use '', and use '' when it ends in a consonant.


As for object markers, '' follows when the object ends with a consonant, and '' when it ends in a vowel.

진수가 밥을 먹습니다. (จินซูกา พับอึล มอก ซึบนีดา)


 Jinsoo eats rice.

(Jinsoo rice eats.)

Sometimes the subject markers change from '' to '' and '' to ''. This is done to contrast something or simply present a topic. Sometimes '' and '' are used for emphasis in any part of the sentence, so they will not always indicate the subject.



나는 아침에 일찍 일어납니다.( นานึน อาชิมเอ อิลจีก อิลโรนาบนีดา )

I get up early in the morning.

(I in the morning early get up.)

술은 좋습니다.  (อี ยอนพิลอึน ชั่มชัวซึมนิดา)

This liquor  is really nice.

(This liquor  really good.)

ƒ

 

2) Verbs

As I already mentioned, verbs almost always appear at the end of a sentence. There are two verb forms -- dictionary form and sentence form.


We'll start with the dictionary form. A verb would show up this way in the dictionary. All of the verbs in our Dictionary are shown this way. The dictionary form (also known as infinitive) consists of the verb root followed by ''. The '' means 'to' so '읽다' means 'to read'. In this example '' is the verb root. It is from the verb root that the different tenses (past, present, future, etc.) are made.


You can think of Korean grammar as something like algebra. You take the subject, add the subject marker, add an object and its marker, then drop a verb root at the end and combine it with an ending that tells you more about the verb. This verb root and ending together make the sentence form. A common verb ending is the formal (very polite) ending. And once again which formal ending you use depends on whether the verb root ends in a vowel or a consonant. If the root ends on a vowel, you add in 'ㅂ니다' and '습니다' (for declarative sentences) when it ends in a consonant.


Getting confused? Hopefully the next examples will help. Take the dictionary form of the verb '이다' which means 'to be' (it acts as an = sign). You want to say who you are, right? So take your name, and try to say it in Korean syllables. Like my name, Angela, might be written 앤젤라. Use '' meaning 'I' and the correct subject marker ''. Take the verb, drop '' to get the root ('') and combine the root with 'ㅂ니다' (because the root ends in a vowel) to make '입니다'. Put it all together and you get this:

                                                                                   

 „

 

제가 앤젤라 입니다. (เชกา แอนเจลลา อิมนีดา)

I am Angela.

(I Angela am.)

Whew! That was a lot packed into one paragraph. If you're a bit confused, slowly reread the paragraph again and carefully study all of the examples on this page. Further lessons will require an understanding of this material.

2. Numeric of Korean

Number

Numeric 1

 

Numeric 2

 

1

อิล

하나

ฮานา

2

อี

ดุล

3

ซัม

เซซ

4

ซา

เนซ

5

โอ

다섯

ดาซอซ

6

ยูก

여섯

ยอซอซ

7

ชิล

  일곱

อิลกบ

8

พัล

여덜

ยอดล

9

คู

아홉

อาฮบ

10

ชิบ

ยอล

100

แบก

 

 

1,000

ชอน

 

 

10,000

มาน

 

 

 

 

* Must remember witch how to use numeric 1 and numeric 2.

 

* When you count bottle of whisky and carton of tobacco must use numeric system 2.

 

 

 

…

3. Communication 1

1) Politeness words

þ เวลาที่ดูแลลูกค้าเกาหลี คุณจะต้องใช้คำว่า  ซน นิม  สามารถใช้ทั้งด้านหน้าและด้านหลังของประโยค

When sale staffs communicate with customer must say to customer with “SonNim” in a sentence.

2) Increase sale words

a) How sale staff put up sale to customer or increase sale with product knowledge?

 

Try to use potential action and words with customer.

 

Say good hello (Wai or Bow)

Eye contact (When the customer speaks)

Smiling (Always)

Show polite attitude (Always)

 

Show me the way

                             

This way (이쪽입니다) (อีจ๊กอิมนิดา)

That way (저쪽입니다) (ชอจ๊กอิมนิดา)

 Inside (안쪽입니다) (อานจ๊กอิมนิดา)

Outside (바깥쪽입니다) (บาก๊าซจ๊กอิมนิดา)

 

This is…….?

This is…? 이것은……….입니다 (อีโกซซึล...อิมนีดา)

That is….? 저것은…….입니다 (ชอโกซซึล...อิมนีดา)

There is. 있습니다. (อิซซึมนีดา)

There is not. 없습니다. (ออ๊บซึมนีดา)

It can. 됩니다 (เทวบนีดา)

It can’t. 안됩니다 (อานเทวบนีดา)

 

†

4. Process and Procedure in method of sale

a) Say hello

안녕하세요 손님 with Wai

(อานนยองฮาเซโย ซนนิม) with Wai

 

b) What are you looking for or May I help you?

무엇을 도와 드릴까요?

(มูออซซึล โดวาดึริลกาโย๊ะ ?)

 

* Explain about Promotion.

 

c) This section is for Special promotion product.(introduce a product)

이쪽은 특별 할인행사 중입니다.

(อีจ๊กอึน ฮาลลินแฮงซาจูง อิมนิดา.)

 

d) There are limited edition products.

(한정판매 입니다. 손님 )

(ฮันชองพานแม อิมนิดา. ซนนิม)

 

e) There are best sale products.

(인기상품 입니다. 손님)

(อินกิซังพูมอิมนีดา ซนนิม)

 

f) If buy 2bottle Discount Promotion

(두병 사시면 할인되요.)

(ทูบียอง ซาชิมียอน ฮาลินเทวโย)

 

g) 2bottle is  160 Dollar

(두병에  160 달라 입니다) 

(ทูบียองเอ 160 ดาลล่า อิมนิดา)

    

h) Anything else

( 필요한것 있으세요? 손님 )

(ทอ พิลโยฮันกอซ  อีซซึเซโย๊ะ? ซนนิม)

 

‡

* After select the bottle

 

i)  Do you want to put together?

(함께 넣어 드릴까요? 손님 )

(ฮัมเกนอฮอ ดึริลกาโย๊ ? ซนนิม)

 

j)Do you want to put separate?

따로 따로 넣어 드릴까요? 손님)

(ตาโรตาโร นอฮอดึริลกาโย๊ะ? ซนนิม)

 

k) Don’t’ open the seal bags .

(봉투를 뜯지마세요!)

(พงทูรึล ตึดจิมาเซโย)

 

l) How would you like to pay by?

(어떻게 계산 하시겠습니까? 손님)

(ออตอเค เกย์ซานฮาชิเกซซึบนิก๊า ? ซนนิม)

 

m) Pay by Cash or Credit card

(현금 또는 신용카드로 계산 가능합니다. 손님)

(ฮยอนกึม โตนึน ซินยง คาดึโร เคย์ซาน คานึงฮัมนิดา ซนนิม)

 

n) May I have your passport and boarding Pass Please!

(여권 탑승권 부탁 합니다. 손님)

(ยอกวาน ทับซึงกวาน บูทักฮัมนิดา.ซนนิม)

 

o)Signature Please

(싸인 부탁합니다. 손님)

(ซาอิน บูทักฮัมนิดา ซนนิม)

p) Receipt in side

(영수증은 안에 있습니다.)

(ยองซูจึงอึน อานแน อิซซึบนิดา)

q) Get the change

(거스름돈 입니다. ) (คอซึรึม โทน อิมนิดา)

 

ˆ

 

*  Get a positive way always

 

Thank you for your…..!

(손님 감사합니다. 안녕히 가세요)

(ซนนิม คัมซาฮัมนิดา. อานนยองฮี คาเซโย)

Think simply

5. Words

1) Promotion words

Two Bottle  (두병)   (ทูบียอง)

Promotion (할인행사) (ฮาลิน แฮงซา)

Discount (할인)  (ฮาลิน)

Special Promotion for Korean  (한국인 특별할인 행사)

(ฮันกุกอิน ทึกบียอลฮาลิน แฮงซา)

2) Section words

Liquors and Tobacco

Thai whisky (태국 () 위스키)  (แทกุก วีซึคี)

Single malt whisky (싱글 몰트 위스키)  (ชิงเกิล มอลทึ วีซึคี)

France wine (프랑스 와인)   (พึรังซึวายอิ)

Italy wine (이태리 와인)  (อิตาลี วายอิ)

Australia wine ( 호주 와인)  (โฮจูวายอิ)

Made in USA ( 미국산 ) (มิกุกซาน)

Liquor (희석주) 칵테일  (เฮวซอกชู) คากเทลอี

One bottle ( )  (ฮันบียอง)

Litter (리터)  (ลีท๊อ)

One person (한사람)   (ฮันซาลัม)

Low price (저렴하다)  (ชอรยอม ฮาดา)

Difference (다른)  (ทารึน)

Korean Staff (한국 직원)  (ฮันกุกชิกวอน)

 

‰

Promotion section (할인 코너)  (ฮาลลีน โคนอ)

Korea Won (한국 )  (ฮันกุกโทน)

Expensive (비싸요)  (พีซาโย)

One carton ( 보루)  (ฮันโบรู)

 

Brand Name

Tobacco (담배)  (ทามแบ)

Dune Hill (던힐)  (ดอลฮิล)

Mild Seven (마일드 쎄븐)  (มาอีดึล เซเบิน)

Camel (카멜) (คาเมลล์)

Ballentine (발렌타인)  (บาเลนทาอีน)

Royal Salute (로얄 쌀루트)  (โรยัล ซาลูทึ)

Chivas Rigal ( 씨바스리갈)  (ซีบาซึ รีกึล)

JW Blue Label (조니워커 블루 라벨)  (โจนีวอเคอ บึลลู ลาเบล)

 

Colors

Black  검은색 (geon-eunsaek)  (คอมอึนแซก)

White  흰색 (hwinsaek)  (ฮวีนแซก)

Gray  회색 (hwasaek)  (เฮวแซก)

Red   빨간색 (bbalgansaek)  (ปาลกานแซก)

Blue  파란색 (p'aransaek)  (พารานแซก)

Yellow  노란색 (noransaek)  (โนรานแซก)

Green  초록색 (choroksaek)  (โชโรกแซก)

Orange  주황색 (joo-hwangsaek)  (ชูฮวางแซก)

Purple  자주색 (jajoo-saek)  (ชาชูแซก)

Brown  갈색 (kalsaek)   (คาลแซก)

 

Here 여기  (ยอกี)  There 저기   (ชอกี)

 

6. Communication 2

Hello.

안녕하십니까 (อานนยองฮาซิมนิก่า.)

Hello. (informal)  

 

안녕. (อานนยอง)

How are you?

어떻게 지내십니까? (ออต๊อเค จิเนซิบนิก๊า?)

 

Fine, thank you.

지냅니다, 감사합니다. (ชาลนีเนบนิดา คัมซาฮัมนีดา )

 

What is your name?

당신의 이름은 무엇입니까? (ดางชินอวี อีรึมอึน มูออซอิมนิก๊า?)

 

My name is ______ .

이름은 ______입니다. (เชอีรึมอึน ____ อิมนีดา.)

 

Nice to meet you.

만나서 반갑습니다. (มันนาซอ บานกาบซึบนิดา)

 

Please.

부탁합니다. (บูทักฮัมนิดา)

 

Thank you.

감사합니다. ( คัมซาฮัมนีดา)

 

You’re welcome.

천만에요. (ชอนมานเอโย )

 

Yes. / /. (เย/เน)                   No. 아니오. ( อานีโอ)

 

 

 



 

Excuse me. (getting attention)

실례합니다. (ชิลเลย์ฮัมนีดา )

 

Excuse me. (begging pardon)

죄송합니다. (เชวซงฮัมนีดา )

 

I’m sorry.

죄송합니다. ( เชวซงฮัมนีดา)

 

Goodbye

안녕히 가십시오/계십시오. (อันนยองฮี คาชิบชิโอ/เคย์ชิบชิโอ)

 

Goodbye (informal)

안녕. ( อานนยอง)

 

 Someone here who speaks English?

영어를 하시는 계십니까?

(ยองงอรึล ฮาชินึน บุน เคย์ชิบนิก๊า?)

 

I can’t speak {language} [well].

저는 {언어를} [] 못합니다.

(ชอนึน {ออนนอรึล} [ชาล] มซฮัมนีดา)

 

Do you speak {language}?

{언어를} 하십니까? ({ออนนอรึล}ฮาชิบนีก๊า?)

 

English

어를 (ยองงอรึล)

Korean

한국 어를 (ฮันกุกออรึล)

Chinese

중국 어를 (ชุงกุกออรึล)

Japanese

일본 어를 (อิลบนนอรึล)

Thai

태국 어를 (แทกุกออรึล)

‚

 

 

Help! Please !도와주십시오! (โทวาจูชิบชีโอ!)   

 

Look out!  조심하십시오!   (โจชิมฮาชิบชิโอ!)

 

Good morning. 좋은 아침입니다. (โชอึน อาชิมอิมนีดา)

 

Good evening.  좋은 저녁입니다. (โชอึน ชอนยอกอิมนีดา)

 

Good night.   좋은 밤입니다. (โชอึน พามอิมนีดา)

 

Good night (to sleep)  안녕히 주무십시오. (อานนยองฮีจูมูชิบชีโอ)

 

I don’t understand. 이해가 안갑니다. (อีแฮกา อานคามนีดา)   

 

 

 

Sorry ! Beg your pardon.

죄송합니다. 다시한번 말씀해주세요!

(เชวซงฮัมนิดา. ทาชีฮันบอน มาลซึมแฮจูเซโย ! )

 

Where is the toilet?  

화장실이 어디에 있습니까?

(ฮวาจางชิลอี ออดีเอ อิซซึบนีก๊า?


 

Duty free Allowance Korea

한국의 면세기준  (ฮันกุกอวี เมียนเซกิจุน)

 

Liquor is One Person 1litter 1bottel each.

주류는 일인당 일리터 한병입니다. 

(ชูริวนึน อิลรินดาง อิลลิเทอ ฮันบียองอิมนีดา)

 

Tobacco is One person 200 and 1box each. 

담배는 200개피 한보루 입니다

(ทามแบนึน 200 เคพี ฮันโบรู อิมนีดา)

 

 


 

Thank you very much  Have a nice trip

즐거운 여행되세요! 감사합니다.


Liquors and Tobacco Korean Training- teach1.doc



아래 '공감 / 좋아요, 버튼을 눌러 주시면 좀 더 좋은 글을 쓰라는 격려로 알고 
더 열심히 노력 하겠습니다. 감사합니다.

<저작권자(c) 조니타이, 무단 전재-재배포 금지> JoNy ⓝ ThAi 2015 



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